The operational component identifies both the long and short term activities
and actions that can be implemented to prevent and mitigate drought impacts.
Such activities and actions are essential in the development of specific
drought planning and response efforts.
The operational component includes six aspects that need continuous feedback
between them (Figure 7):
- Preparedness, early warning, monitoring systems
Monitoring and preparedness planning is the first essential step for
moving from crisis to risk management in response to drought, and can be viewed
as permanent measures to cope with drought events. The management actions related
to agriculture and water supply systems are presented with a common conceptual
framework based on the use of drought indices for evaluating the levels of
drought risk (pre-alert, alert, and emergency), that allow linkages to be established
between science (risk analysis) and policy (operational component).
- Establishing priorities of water use
- Defining the conditions and the thresholds to declare drought
- Establishing the management objectives in each drought level
- Defining the actions
- Implementation of actions
Figure 7 Summary of the aspects of the
preparedness and implementation aspects of the operational component
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